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Mexican Drug Cartels Employ 175,000 People, Study Shows

One sentence summary – Drug cartels in Mexico have become a significant force, employing around 175,000 people and making them the fifth largest employer in the country, with recruitment being a major challenge in combating their expansion.

At a glance

  • Drug cartels in Mexico employ approximately 175,000 people, making them the fifth largest employer in the country.
  • The Mexican drug trade is comparable in size to industries such as general practice medicine, coffee, and tobacco cultivation.
  • There are an estimated 150 cartels currently operating in Mexico, with an average recruitment rate of around 350 new members per week.
  • The two largest cartels, Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation, employ an estimated 46,600 people.
  • Decreasing recruitment is seen as the most effective strategy to combat cartel expansion, as public safety initiatives focused solely on incarceration or negotiations are unlikely to have a significant impact.

The details

Drug cartels in Mexico have grown into a significant force, employing approximately 175,000 people.

This makes them the fifth largest employer in the country.

The Mexican drug trade is now comparable in size to industries such as general practice medicine, coffee, and tobacco cultivation.

There are an estimated 150 cartels currently operating in Mexico.

These cartels have an average recruitment rate of around 350 new members per week.

The two largest cartels, the Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation cartels, employ an estimated 46,600 people.

To estimate these employment levels, a study used statistics on incarcerations and deaths of known cartel members.

The study also highlights the challenges faced due to the high number of cartel members killed or imprisoned in the last decade.

This high number necessitates extensive recruitment efforts.

Public safety initiatives focused solely on incarceration or peaceful negotiations are unlikely to significantly impact cartel growth.

Decreasing recruitment is seen as the most effective strategy to combat cartel expansion.

However, the methodology used in the study has been questioned by some observers.

Determining who is a member of a criminal organization can be challenging.

The United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimates that the Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation cartels alone employ nearly 45,000 people.

The scale of the drug trade’s impact is reflected in the alarming rise in homicides in Mexico since 2007.

In 2021, there were approximately 34,000 murders in Mexico.

As a result, Mexico has become one of the deadliest countries in Latin America.

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has prioritized cracking down on cartel activity.

A significant development in the fight against the Sinaloa cartel was the extradition of Ovidio Guzmán López.

Ovidio Guzmán López, son of Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán, has been charged with overseeing efforts to produce fentanyl for the cartel.

Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán is currently serving a life sentence in a super-max prison in Colorado.

This summary provides a detailed overview of the news story, covering the employment statistics of drug cartels, challenges in combating their expansion, the alarming rise in homicides, and recent developments in the fight against cartels, specifically the Sinaloa cartel.

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independent.co.uk
– Drug cartels in Mexico employ 175,000 people, making it the fifth largest employer in the country.
– There are approximately 150 cartels in Mexico, recruiting around 350 new members per week.
The Mexican drug trade is comparable in size to industries like general practice medicine and coffee and tobacco cultivation.
The cartels employ a similar number of people as Oxxo, Mexico’s largest corner shop chain.
The Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation cartels, the largest in Mexico, employ an estimated 46,600 people.
The study used statistics on incarcerations and deaths of known cartel members to estimate employment levels.
– Extensive recruitment efforts are necessary to replace the 37% of known cartel members killed or imprisoned in the last decade.
– Public safety initiatives focused on incarceration or peaceful negotiations would have limited impact on cartel growth.
– Decreasing recruitment is seen as the most effective way to combat cartel expansion.
– Some observers question the methodology of the study, citing difficulties in determining who is a member of a criminal organization.
The US Drug Enforcement Administration estimated that the Sinaloa and Jalisco New Generation cartels employ nearly 45,000 people.
– Homicides in Mexico have tripled since 2007, reaching 34,000 murders in 2021.
– Mexico is one of the deadliest countries in Latin America.
– Mexico’s President, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has made cracking down on cartel activity a priority.
The extradition of Ovidio Guzmán López, son of Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán, was a major development in the fight against the Sinaloa cartel.
– Ovidio Guzmán López has been charged with overseeing efforts to produce fentanyl for the cartel.
– Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzmán is serving a life sentence in a super-max prison in Colorado.

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